Bills for electricity, water, gas, books, gym, clothes, school bus and groceries, but also personnel costs, raw materials, taxes and fees - - the list of payments for a woman entrepreneur, often a working mother, is quite long and varied. Finally, to lighten the payments for women entrepreneurs and freelancers but also unemployed with dependent children, starting this year, there is an important measure that puts an end to an injustice and social inequality that lasted a long time: the Universal Single Allowance (AUU). Until yesterday, only mothers who worked for an employer could receive the family allowance; today the same right is recognized for self-employed women, because it is still "work," even if they work independently - - paradoxes that the measure published in the Gazette last December, namely the Legislative Decree of December 21, 2021 n. 230, has been remedied by considering the AUU a universal and stable benefit regardless of the employment status of the parents. The most important general principles with which this instrument complies in accordance with the provisions of the enabling act are:
Recognition of a benefit for all dependent children on a universal basis, regardless of both the working status of the parents (employed, self-employed or unemployed) and their income situation.
Modulation of the benefit amounts on the basis of the family nucleus economic condition, as identified through the indicator of the equivalent economic situation (ISEE) or its components. This principle was useful in order to guarantee criteria of progressiveness in the granting of the benefit.
Replacing the plurality of existing instruments with a single instrument (for example, the birth bonus disappears).
The reform, therefore, simplifies and rationalizes welfare instruments in support of the family and the birthrate. At the same time, the reform overcomes the previous approach that tied child-support policies to the fact that the recipient belonged to a specific category of workers, as well as the ability to produce income. The latter aspect often prevented welfare instruments from adequately reaching even the poorest or all types of workers.
From the seventh month of pregnancy until the age of 21 years of their children, the individual can receive a monthly contribution from INPS (L'Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale) directly deposited to their qualified bank account for an amount that varies depending on their economic condition. On the basis of the Indicator of the Equivalent Economic Situation - - the ISEE - - it will be possible to receive an amount that can reach up to 175 euros per child, per month, up to 18 years of age, and 85 euros from 18 to 21 years of age. Payment is also foreseen for foreigners. The Assegno Unico can also be obtained without ISEE by obtaining the minimum contribution of 50 euros per month. The Application for the Single Allowance can be submitted digitally through your SPID (Sistema Pubblico di Identità Digitale) on the INPS website, or you can turn to one of the many local assistance centers that, in addition to carrying out the application compilation, also provide a consultative function, considered quite important since it is appropriate to assess the allowable tax deductions of a granted allowance. In most cases, it is therefore advisable to make simulations and evaluate case-by-case. The Assegno Unico can be requested from March through June (obtaining the foreseen arrears amount), and every year the application must be renewed. So far, according to the INPS Circular of February 10th, 1.75 million applications for the Assegno Universale have been received for 2.897 million children, but the Government, in particular with the Minister of Equal Opportunities, Elena Bonetti, has estimated that it will reach 7 million families for 11 million children.